<Last updated 11.04.2020>
Hi! If you are interested in Economics, I’ve prepared the below to help your understanding of the important primary economic indicators. You should take a look at this short article in which I discuss about Unemployment and Inflation.
The labor force, or currently active population, comprises all persons who fulfill the requirements for inclusion among the employed. These people can and want to work.
Unemployment: The situation in which people are jobless, but actively seeking work, and are available to take a job.
The official unemployment rate for the nation is the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labor force. Persons who are neither employed nor unemployed are not in the labor force.
Labor Force = persons in employment + persons in unemployment
> Persons in Unemployment: members of the labor force who can, are willing and are available to work > they can’t find a job. During periods of recession, an economy usually experiences a relatively high unemployment rate.
Frictional unemployment is the unemployment that results from time spent between jobs when a worker is searching for or transitioning from one job to another. Some graduates are looking for a job, some are looking for better opportunities etc.
In summary is very important to understand that for someone to be officially marked as unemployed:
> The person must want to work.
> The person must be available to work, to be capable to work.
> The person must actively searching for work.
Unemployment rate = (Unemployed / Labor Force) x 100 = X %
The Unemployment rate might differ from period to period, a 2-5 % s considered to be normal.
There are both social and economic consequences of unemployment:
> Loss of human resources in the production process.
> Loss of income for the individual and his/her family resulting in lower living standard.
> Unwanted social phenomena such as crime, divorces etc.
> Worsens the government budget deficit due to the provision of unemployment benefits.
Inflation is another economic indicator, is the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising. While prices increase the purchasing power of the currency is falling. For some goods and services prices increase, while for other might decrease or stay the same. A quantitative measure of the rate at which the average price level of a basket of selected goods and services in an economy increases over some period of time. It is the rise in the general level of prices, when a unit of currency effectively buys less than it did in prior periods. Often expressed as a percentage, inflation thus indicates a decrease in the purchasing power of a nation’s currency.
Deflation is a decrease in the general price level of goods and services. Deflation occurs when the inflation rate falls below 0%. This allows one to buy more goods and services than before with the same amount of currency.
GDP, Unemployment Rate and Inflation are considered the most important economic indicators.
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